Tracking Gendered Streams


  • Maria C. Eriksson Umeå University
  • Anna Johansson Umeå University



Gender, music, algorithms, streaming, digital methods


One of the most prominent features of digital music services is the provision of personalized music recommendations that come about through the profiling of users and audiences. Based on a range of “bot experiments,” this article investigates if, and how, gendered patterns in music recommendations are provided by the streaming service Spotify. While our experiments did not give any strong indications that Spotify assigns different taste profiles to male and female users, the study showed that male artists were highly overrepresented in Spotify’s music recommendations; an issue which we argue prompts users to cite hegemonic masculine norms within the music industries. Although the results should be approached as historically and contextually contingent, we argue that they point to how gender and gendered tastes may be constituted through the interplay between users and algorithmic knowledge-making processes, and how digital content delivery may maintain and challenge gender relations and gendered power differentials within the music industries. Seen through the lens of critical research on software, music and gender performativity, the experiments thus provide insights into how gender is shaped and attributed meaning as it materializes in contemporary music streams.

Author Biographies

Maria C. Eriksson, Umeå University

aria Eriksson has previously recieved BA and MA degrees in social anthropology from Stockholm University, specializing in digital anthropology and the production and distribution of pirate copied film. Her primary research interests lie at the intersection between digital technology, material culture and economics, and currently she is investigating how streaming software for music is entangled with artist, and record-label practices.

Anna Johansson, Umeå University

Associate senior lecturer, Humlab


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How to Cite

Eriksson, M. C. and Johansson, A. (2017) “Tracking Gendered Streams”, Culture Unbound, 9(2), pp. 163–183. doi: 10.3384/cu.2000.1525.1792163.



Discovering Spotify