Maintaining Urban Complexities: Seeking Revitalization without Gentrification of an Industrial Riverfront in Gothenburg, Sweden

Authors

  • Gabriella Olshammar Dept of Conservation, University of Gothenburg

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3384/cu.2000.1525.201911153

Keywords:

Industrial gentrification, urban glue, ends of the world, Gothenburg, Thrift

Abstract

This article presents case study research performed in a small-scale and centrally located industrial site by the riverfront in Gothenburg, Ringön. It has been highlighted in municipal visions to develop according to its very own circumstances, meaning small-scale and zoned for industrial use. Being closely located to the historic core of the city and surrounded by large construction sites, Ringön has received a lot of attention lately in local newspapers, research, university education and social media. The area is repeatedly pictured as redundant, with some rough potential to become something of a hipster mekka. However, this coverage mostly recognises newcomers from the creative industries and art, while neglecting existing repair-shops and small-scale manufacturing industries. To picture an area as redundant and in need of improvements, exemplifies a feature of gentrification, where extant qualities are seldom appreciated, and where outsiders define the needs to revitalize.

The purpose is here to understand and shed light on a diversity of perspectives and interests among Ringön stakeholders, i.e. the insiders, who together affect the development in question. In order to grasp the complexity of the process, I develop a many-faceted narrative in line with Bent Flyvbjerg’s approach to case study research. Meaning-making histories and activities that have come forward in field studies are sorted into eras that are considered lost, still alive, almost lost or recently found. This play of thought is inspired by current discourses on worlds coming to an end, as interpreted by Déborah Danowski and Eduardo Viveiros de Castro. In addition, the concept of “urban glue” from Nigel Thrift is introduced to illustrate how Ringön embodies an era that is certainly still alive.

References

Andersson, Patrik (2017): ‘Öde eller öppen ö?’, Faktum, 180, 36–43.

Beauregard, Robert (1991): ‘Capital restructuring and the new built environment of global cities’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 1, 90-105. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1991.tb00685.x

Berendsen (2018): https://www.berendsen.co.uk/about/about/ (accessed 28/01/18).

Caldenby, Claes (2013): ‘ÄlvstadenTM’, Arkitektur, 6, 78-87.

Campo, Daniel (2016): ‘A New Postindustrial Nature: Remembering the Wild Waterfront of Hunters Point’, Streetnotes, 25, 212-230.

Castellum (2018): https://www.castellum.se/en/about-castellum/ (accessed 26/08/18).

Checker, Melissa (2011): ‘Wiped Out by the ‘Greenwave’: Environmental Gentrification and the Paradoxical Politics of Urban Sustainability’, City & Society, 23:2, 210-229. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-744X.2011.01063.x.

Checker, Melissa (2017): ‘A Bridge Too Far: Industrial Gentrification and the Dynamics of Sacrifice in New York City’, Miriam Greenberg & Penny Lewis (eds): The City is the Factory: New Solidarities and Spatial Strategies in an Urban Age, Ithaca & London: ILR press, 99-119. https://doi.org/10.7591/9781501708060-008

Curran, Winifred (2007): ’’From the Frying Pan to the Oven’: Gentrification and the Experience of Industrial Displacement in Williamsburg, Brooklyn’, Urban Studies, 44:8, 1427-1440. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980701373438

Curran, Winifred (2010): ’In Defense of Old Industrial Spaces: Manufacturing, Creativity and Innovation in Williamsburg, Brooklyn’, Int. Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 34:4, 871-885. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2010.00915.x

Danowski, Déborah & Eduardo Viveiros de Castro (2015):’Is There Any World to Come?’, e-flux journal, Apocalyosis: http://supercommunity.e-flux.com/texts/isthere-any-world-to-come/ (accessed 23/12/16).

Danowski, Déborah & Eduardo Viveiros de Castro (2017): The Ends of the World, Cambridge and Malden: Polity Press.

de Klerk, Eva (2015): ‘An artist’s kiss’, The Future of Places 2015, Stockholm: http://www.evadeklerk.com/en/boekmanlezing/ (accessed 23/10/16).

En tillåtande oas på Ringön: Om hur och varför vi bör skapa en tillåtande oas på Ringön i Göteborg (2015): Business Region Göteborg-ADA, project description to Göteborg & Co and the Gothenburg 2021 celebration.

Ferm, Jessica & Edward Jones (2016): ‘Beyond the post-industrial city: Valuing and planning for industry in London’, Urban Studies Journal Limited 2016, 1-19.

Flyvbjerg, Bent (2006): ‘Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research’, Qualitative Inquiry, 12:2, 219-245. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800405284363.

Friedrich, Su (2012): Gut Renovation [Film], broadcasted at: http://www.sufriedrich.com/index.php (accessed 21/02/17).

Frog Marine Services (2016): http://www.sse-ab.se/ (accessed 08/08/16).

Gainza, Xabier (2016): ‘Culture-led neighbourhood transformations beyond the revitalization/gentrification dichotomy’, Urban Studies Journal Limited, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098016630507.

Gotenius Shipyard (2016): http://www.gotenius.se/inscompany.html (accessed 08/08/16).

Greenberg, Miriam & Penny Lewis (2017): The City is the Factory: New Solidarities and Spatial Strategies in an Urban Age, Ithaca: ILR press. https://doi.org/10.7591/9781501708060

Göteborg & Co (2001): www.gbg-co.se (accessed 22/05/01).

Haglund, Magnus (2004): Den nakna staden: Människor och platser i Göteborg, Göteborg: Glänta förlag.

Halle, David & Elisabeth Tiso (2014): New York’s New Ege, Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press. https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226032542.001.0001

Hein, Carola (2014): ‘Port cities and urban wealth: between global networks and local transformation’, International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 13, 339-257. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJGENVI.2014.064510

Holgersson, Helena, et.al. (eds.) (2010): (Re)searching Gothenburg. Essays on a changing city, Gothenburg: Glänta.

IL Recycling (2016): https://www.ilrecycling.com/ (accessed 08/08/16).

Jedvik, Hanna (2017): ‘Tankar om ett Ringön innan det blev hippt’, GöteborgsPosten, 31 March 2017.

Johansson, Hasse (1973) ‘Östra Nordstan − en levande stads- del i ett döende city?’, Arkitektur, 4, 7−10.

Jörnmark, Jan (2005): Göteborgs globalisering, Göteborg: Göteborgs Stadsmuseum. Lees, Loretta; Tom Slater & Elvin Wyly (2010): The Gentrification Reader, London & New York: Routledge.

Levinson, Marc (2016): The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger, Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Lundberg, Johan (2017-06-09): ‘Kärleken till ett stökigt industriområde’, Extrakt, 9 June 2017: http://www.extrakt.se/hallbart-byggande/karleken-till-ett-stokigt-industriomrade/ (accessed 26/08/18).

Markstrategi för näringslivet (1992): Översiktsplan för Göteborg, Samrådsstudie 4:92, 12 May 1992, Göteborg: Näringslivssekretariatet & Fastighetskontoret.

Marshall, Richard (ed) (2001): Waterfronts in Post-industrial Cities, London & New York: Spon Press.

Mathews, Vanessa & Roger M. Picton (2014): ‘Intoxifying Gentrification: Brew Pubs and the Geography of Post-Industrial Heritage’, Urban Geography, 35:3, 337-356, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2014.887298.

Norra Älvstranden utveckling AB (2016): ’Vårt uppdrag’: http://alvstranden.com/omoss/vart-uppdrag/ (accessed 22/10/16).

Nylander, Ola (2017): ‘Kanalen som gjorde Ringön till en ö’, GöteborgsPosten, 29 January 2017.

Olshammar, Gabriella (2002): Det permanentade provisoriet. Ett återanvänt industriområde i väntan på rivning eller erkännande, Diss., Göteborg: Chalmers-Arkitektur

Olshammar, Gabriella (2010): ’Mångfaldig stad i stadsförtätningens tid’, Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, 59, 66-81.

Olshammar, Gabriella (2016): ‘Åldrade världar eller framtidens urbana tillgångar? En studie längs Göteborgs industriella älvstrand’, Fabrik og Bolig, 20-45.

Olsson, Sören (2011): Arbetspapper till visionsarbetet för Älvstaden, Göteborg: Älvstranden utveckling AB.

Owe, Christer (2017): Ringön för social cirkulär ekonomi: En förstudie av Järnhallen på Ringön, Region Västra Götaland.

Pratt, Andy C. (2009): ‘Urban Regeneration: From the Arts ‘Feel Good’ Factor to the Cultural Economy’, Urban Studies 46: 5&6, 1041-1061. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098009103854

Program för Frihamnen och del av Ringön (2014): Göteborgs Stad.

Regeneration in European Cities: Making connections (2006): Case study of Norra Älvstranden, Gothenburg (Sweden), URBED Ltd (Joseph Rowntree Foundation), 2006.

Ringöns fastighetsägarförening, styrelsen (2018): Letters to a diversity of municipal organs, 10 February and 13 June, 2018.

Rivercity Gothenburg Vision (2012): Göteborg: City Executive Board.

Roult, Romain & Sylvain Lefebvre (2013): ‘Stadiums, public spaces and mega events’, Michael E. Leary & John McCarthy (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Urban Regeneration, Abingdon & New York: Routledge, pp. 548-557.

Schön, Lennart (2000): En modern svensk ekonomisk historia: tillväxt och omvandling under två sekel, Stockholm: SNS förlag.

Sjödén, Kerstin (2015): ‘Den otuktade oasen’, Göteborgs-Posten: Två Dagar, 22 August 2015.

Slater, Tom (2006): ’ The Eviction of Critical Perspectives from Gentrification Rese arch’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 30:4, 737-57, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2006.00689.x.

Smith, Neil (1996): The New Urban Frontier: Gentrification and the Revanchist City, London and New York: Routledge.

Spontaneous City. Workshop outcome summary (2012): Urhahn & Borra Urban Designers and Gothenburg City: http://alvstaden.goteborg.se/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/GothenburgSPCityWshopOutcome_Low-res.pdf (accessed 28/01/18).

Swedish National Heritage Board (2018): https://www.raa.se/om-riksantikvarieambetet/det-har-gor-riksantikvarieambetet/ (accessed 8/12/2018).

The Salt of Ringön (2016): http://www.saltet.org/2016/09/30/tanken-med-saltet/ (accessed 22/10/16).

Thrift, Nigel (2005): ‘But Malice Aforethought: Cities and the Natural History of Hatred’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 30:2, 133-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2005.00157.x

Thörn, Catharina (2013): ‘Här utplånas mångfalden’, Arkitektur, 7, 68-77.

Thörn, Catharina & Helena Holgersson (2014): Gentrifiering, Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Thomas Concrete (2018): http://thomasconcrete.com (accessed 28/01/18).

Verkstadsindustriutredning, Göteborgs kommun (1978): Göteborg: Näringspolitiska utredningar och förslag.

Zukin, Sharon (1989): Loft Living: Culture and Capital in Urban Change, New Jersey: Rutgers.

Zukin, Sharon (1995): The Cultures of Cities, Cambridge: Blackwell.

Öhrström, Bo (2004): Att bygga företagsamhet. Diss., Göteborg: Chalmers - Arbetslivets bebyggelse.

Downloads

Published

2019-04-12

Issue

Section

Narrating the City and Spaces of Contestation